Another important aspect of Catalhoyuk is the fact that the cults of Toro and Father God which we frequently encounter during the ancient times has probably originated from this ancient site. The story reads as; a big eruption occurs in Hasan Mountain which is situated in front of Catalhoyuk and an extraordinary scene had emerged in front of the eyes of Çatalhöyük’s residents. The particles breaking off from the top of the mountain just exploded up to 20km reaching even the level of the stratosphere. As a result of this massive explosion, even the climate had been affected and a heavy rain just started accompanied by a heavy storm and lightning. As a consequence of this massive explosion, even the sky went dark. Çatalhöyük’s residents gazed in awe at these incredible events and concluded that the mountain must be a God. However, compared with their mother God (earth), this new God wasn’t that fertile. Therefore they called him as Father God. Following this extraordinary explosion, the top of the mountain had taken the shape of two horns and a flow of lava in between these horns, appearing as a tongue, was alluding to the “Aurochs”. “Aurochs” were giant bulls which amazed the humans with their incredible power shaking the ground when passing by in flocks and their tongue was visible when they were running. The image that the explosion just created had been perceived as a Godly power so that the mountain was perceived as a God, and these giant bulls were just the reflection of this mighty God on the earth.
The cult of Toro still visible all around the world for thousands of years and the identification of great mountains with a Godly power is considered as a continuation of the Çatalhöyük tradition that spread all around the world and penetrated in all cultures. The famous “Running bulls” of Spain or the “Minotaurs of Crete” are just late reflections of what had happened in the middle of Anatolia just 9000 years ago. The next blog will probe the worldly known monumental king tombs on the top of Nemrut Mountain whose extraordinary construction at 2150 m high – a real challenge 2100 years ago – became more understandable having the Catalhoyuk tradition on the back of our minds.